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AUTHOR: Marc Mitnick DPM

REVIEWED BY: Podiatric Medical Review Board

How do you treat a Tailors bunion?

A Tailors bunion is a protrusion of the fifth metatarsal head. In most cases where it becomes painful it is usually due to excessive shoe pressure.

The simplest thing to try is to stop wearing shoes that put too much pressure on the bunion itself. Since the bunion protrudes, it essentially makes the foot wider and certain shoes will no longer be comfortable.

The main cause of pain in a Tailors bunion is from the formation of a bursitis on the outside of the bunion. If the outside area is red, slightly swollen and painful to touch then there is a good chance it is from a bursitis.

If that is the case, then a cortisone injection may be very helpful. You can try rubbing the area with any of the topical anesthetics out there, but generally they only give marginal relief.

In cases where you cannot stop the pain with conservative measures, surgical intervention is an option that needs to be considered.

Want more information on Tailors bunions? CLICK HERE

Complex Regional Pain Syndrome, a new treatment

Complex Regional Pain Syndrome (CRPS) is a poorly understood neurological condition.

The condition is basically a short circuit of the nervous system where nerves misfire thus sending constant pain signals to the brain even though there is no real or limited pain going on. In other words, it is a completely abnormal response by the nervous system to external stimuli.

This condition is usually the result of trauma, including surgery to a portion of the body, most notably the feet and legs.

Australian researchers are embarking on a study, using mirror therapy, where the brain is "retrained" by doing a series of exercises in a mirror on the "good" hand or foot as a means to trick the brain into thinking it is the damaged hand or foot. The idea being that brain will stop emitting abnormal nerve sensations.

continue reading about CRPS CLICK HERE

Small Fiber Neuropathy

The incidence of small fiber neuropathy has been increasing over the last 2 decades due to more awareness and better testing.

Most commonly a result of diabetes, there are other causative factors with obesity being one of them.


When you do not have Covid toe

One of the manifestations of Covid 19 is a condition known as Covid toe. In Covid toe the patient presents complaining of a red discoloration in some or all of their toes along with swelling, possible itching and sometimes pain. When I saw my first case, my first thought was that of superficial frostbite which has a similar presentation. My second thought was that of an eczema on the toes. For most of us who treat feet, we were just guessing until news of this type of foot condition started to spread.

It is postulated that Covid toe is the body's response to the inflammation associated with the virus.

Typically symptoms will last on average for about 15 days, with pain and itching subsiding sooner, just leaving the discoloration and some swelling. Long haulers, those who have Covid symptoms for a longer period of time, will tend to have Covid toe for a longer period as well.

In older individuals and those suffering from diabetes or poor circulation into the toes, there is the problem of a breakdown of the tissue with a resulting infection. Those at risk, who experience Covid toe symptoms should see a doctor.

There is no definitive protocol for treating Covid toe. For those in good health with virtually no symptoms other then the toe discoloration, nothing need be done. In others where Covid toe is more symptomatic such as pain or itching, one can try topical cortisone cream, or a short dose of oral steroids. Anti-inflammatory medication may also be helpful.

The good news is that for most, this is a temporary condition that will resolve on its own.

In the case of Aaron Rodgers, he does not have Covid toe even though he did have Covid.


How Likely Will I get relief from Plantar Fasciitis if Still Having Pain Four Days After Cortisone Injection?

When I give a cortisone injection I tell my patients that the injection may do absolutely nothing…..all the way to giving relief for the rest of your life……and anything in between. In other words, you do not know what the response will be.

I will tell you, however, that over the years, people have called to tell me that after a few days they still have pain and by the time they come back in for me to check on them, many of them feel completely better. So I now tell patients to give the injection up to 10–14 days to see if it “kicks in”.

You are only at four days so I would give it another week. If in a week from now you do not see any improvement, then you may want to see you doctor and consider a different strategy.


How do you ease swelling and tenderness of an ingrown nail?

Although some painful ingrown nails will eventually clear up on their own, many will need professional medical care.

Until you can get to a podiatrist, the best thing to do is soak the toe in salt water; one tablespoon of table salt per quart of warm (not hot) water. Soak for 15 minutes, two to three times per day.

If the solution burns it means there is too much salt in the solution so add some more warm water.

After each soaking, apply a topical antibiotic like Neosporin or Bacitracin with a bandaid to reduce the chance of the toe becoming infected.

If the toe does not appreciably improve over 24 hours or you start to see pus coming from the toe, get yourself immediate medical care.

Pain shooting up little toe, fractured toe three years ago

If the pain has been present since you broke your toe three years ago, then my first thought would be that of a non-union where the fracture did not completely heal.

A fracture that has not completely healed can continue to cause pain particularly when wearing shoes or pressing on the toe.

Other things to consider would be a corn either on the inside or outside of the toe. A corn is a build up of hard skin and this causes pain when pressed on by a shoe.

Additionally, a bursitis in the toe may also cause pain especially when wearing shoes or pressing on the toe. A bursitis will usually present itself as slightly red and slightly swollen and will hurt when pressed upon.

A visit to a podiatrist might not be a bad idea.

How do you ease swelling and tenderness of an ingrown nail?

Although some painful ingrown nails will eventually clear up on their own, many will need professional medical care.

Until you can get to a podiatrist, the best thing to do is soak the toe in salt water; one tablespoon of table salt per quart of warm (not hot) water. Soak for 15 minutes, two to three times per day.

If the solution burns it means there is too much salt in the solution so add some more warm water.

After each soaking, apply a topical antibiotic like Neosporin or Bacitracin with a bandaid to reduce the chance of the toe becoming infected.

If the toe does not appreciably improve over 24 hours or you start to see pus coming from the toe, get yourself immediate medical care.


How Likely Will I get relief from Plantar Fasciitis if Still Having Pain Four Days After Cortisone Injection?

When I give a cortisone injection I tell my patients that the injection may do absolutely nothing…..all the way to giving relief for the rest of your life……and anything in between. In other words, you do not know what the response will be.

I will tell you, however, that over the years, people have called to tell me that after a few days they still have pain and by the time they come back in for me to check on them, many of them feel completely better. So I now tell patients to give the injection up to 10–14 days to see if it “kicks in”.

You are only at four days so I would give it another week. If in a week from now you do not see any improvement, then you may want to see you doctor and consider a different strategy.


What are the reasons for women's cold hands and feet?

Although cold hands and feet tend to occur more in women, there are also men who suffer from the same condition.

In older individuals one has to be concerned about arteriosclerosis, or hardening of the arteries. Diminished circulation into the hands and feet will cause them to be cold and pale, but sometimes they can be red as well.

I am assuming your question is in regards to younger women. There are a number of possible causes for the hands and feet to be cold.

The first is neurological in the sense that young anxious women tend to have this condition more so then other women of similar age.

Other conditions to consider are hypothyroidism (under functioning thyroid gland), anemia (low red blood cell count), Raynaud’s disease, Rheumatoid arthritis, Scleroderma, Lupus, hypertension and smokers.

Obviously, in order to find the particular cause in any one patient, a complete work up would be necessary.


Ancestry and and the shape of your foot

In my forty years of clinical practice, I estimate that I have treated over 27,000 different patients.

Despite this I have never casually observed foot structure in the sense of how it relates to one's heritage.

Yes, I treat a lot of different toe problems and at times will point out to patients how their toe architecture relates to the particular problem they came to see me about, but I never made the connection to a person's ancestry based on the way their toes lined up.

Well just because I have not made the connection does not mean someone else has not either. In the following article the study places different toe alignments with different heritages.

Perhaps because I am a podiatrist, I found the article interesting but there is a good chance it will interest you as well.

Read the full article CLICK HERE

I have had plantar fasciitis for a year and cannot walk

At this point you may have more then just plantar fasciitis. When someone presents to my office with similar complaints, the first thing I do is send them for either an ultrasound or MRI to see if there is a tear in the plantar fascial ligament.

This happens quite frequently and there does not have to be trauma involved either.

In most cases of plantar fasciitis, the heel or the arch will hurt when you first stand up on it, then as you walk the pain will diminish. If you have a situation where the pain worsens, the more you walk then you have to look beyond simple plantar fasciitis.

Besides a possible tear in the ligament there are other conditions that can make the heel hurt the more you are on your foot. These include conditions like a heel bursitis, a heel neuroma (a pinched nerve in the heel) and even a possible heel fracture.

If you have had heel pain for a year it is fairly safe to say it is not going away on its own,.

My best advice would be to seek medical attention.

Read the full article CLICK HERE

Avoiding cold weather injuries

As the temperatures drop the risk for cold weather injuries increases.

This includes individuals who make their living outdoors, people who should not be outside for prolonged periods due to health concerns and those who exercise outdoors.

When the temperature drops too much, with "too much" depending on personal factors such as the amount of time your are outside, the type of protective clothing you are wearing, the amount of moisture in the air and on the ground. Additionally, health risks which can further exacerbate exposure to cold include, older age individuals, dehydration, alcohol use, tobacco use and disease states such as diabetes.

The body attempts to protect itself from cold by redirecting blood flow from the extremities to the central core of the body. This adversely affects the feet by constricting blood flow to the extremities so that more blood goes to the central portion of the body.

Reduced blood flow to the tissues of the feet, particularly the toes can lead to conditions such as frostbite, both superficial and deep. If the feet are also exposed to moisture you can end up with immersion foot

Read the full article CLICK HERE

When should a person get bunion surgery?

Bunions should only be surgically corrected when they affect the quality of your life. What I mean by this is if you stop doing certain activities because you know your bunion will flare up, then the condition is affecting your life.

Bunions come in varying degrees of severity and in most people will worsen over time. The pain, if any, associated with bunions can come in varying degrees of severity.

Most cases of bunion pain can be alleviated by changing the style of shoe that you wear.

Although taking an anti-inflammatory agent once in a while to reduce bunion pain is acceptable, you should not rely on them on any regular basis as they themselves can cause medical issues.

Since the tendency for bunion formation is inherited due to your underlying foot structure, having bunion surgery at an early age may end up with you having to have a second operation years down the road, simply because correcting your bunion will not change the underlying foot structure that caused the bunion in the first place and after surgery you will be walking in the same manner as prior to surgery, so the chance of bunion formation, a second time, certainly exists.

Read more about bunions CLICK HERE

How do you take care of your toe without a nail?

Initially, after losing the nail for whatever reason such as trauma, nail fungus, or surgical removal, the nail bed which is the skin underneath the nail will be tender, particularly if it has been surgically removed or came off as the result of trauma. If the nail loosened up and came off due to nail fungus, generally, the nail bed will not be very painful.

If the nail bed is tender and is bleeding you need to care for the nail to prevent infection, both bacterial and fungal. Initially you want to treat the possible bacterial infection, by washing the toe with soap and water, followed by an antiseptic and a dressing. You should do this until the nail bed dries out and is no longer bleeding and has hardened up. For most people this is about 7–10 days. Keeping the wound covered will protect against bacterial infection and allow you to wear a shoe.

Once the nail bed has dried out and is no longer painful, you run the risk of the new nail growing out with fungus on it. Typically the nail will be somewhat thicker, discolored, and may or may not be flaky. I usually have my patients use a topical antifungal medication on the nail bed and the new nail growing out, until the nail has fully grown out. For a big toe nail this can be 9–12 months, for smaller toe nails, perhaps six months.

Can I fix my flatfeet with anything other then arch supports?

Unless you want surgery on your feet there is no other option.

In most instances flat feet is a structural condition that is inherited in the same way your facial features are inherited. You can thank your parent or grandparents for the condition.

There is no way to build an arch by exercise just like there is no way to improve poor eyesight with eye exercises.

The problem with flat feet is two fold. The first is you may be experiencing some degree of pain any where from your feet to your lower back which may be attributed to your flat feet.

Secondly, having flat feet which may not be an issue for you now, ( I do not know your age) may lead to issues later on in life, again, anywhere from your feet all the way up to your lower back.

Arch supports, or orthotics which are customized foot supports attempt to put your arch back up where it belongs thus eliminating the present and potential problems associated with flat feet.

There are complex surgeries and some simpler procedures to correct flat feet. In younger individuals with what is known as a flexible flatfoot where there is an arch when off weightbearing that flattens out when you stand up, there are some relatively simple procedures to keep the foot from flattening out.

In older individuals where the foot has completely broken down and there is constant pain, complex procedures are performed where multiple joint in the hind foot are fused to eliminate pain.

I don’t know about you, but if I suffered from flatfeet and I was told all I needed to do was wear something in my shoes to put my feet back in alignment, I would be very happy.


I have a dark line across my toenail, is it cancer?

As others have stated in response to your question, the best thing to do is have a doctor take a look at it.

Most cases of melanoma grow from the cuticle, forward to the end of the nail, but like most medical issues anything is possible.

The vast, vast majority of nail discoloration that I see in the office are not cancer. Every now and then if the nail appears suspicious to me, I will remove it and have it and the adjacent skin biopsied. Even in those cases, most come back as normal.

You are probably doing more harm to your overall health by worrying about the possibility of cancer of the nail. Go see a podiatrist, let he or she take a look at it and then put your worries at ease.

These sensations in your hands and feet could be signs of blood sugar damage

The peripheral nervous system is the body's electrical system. It sends electrical impulses from the brain to the hands and feet as well as sending impulses back up to the brain.

There are many causes of neuropathy including certain medications, nerve injury, cancer, Lyme disease and vitamin deficiencies to name but a few. Idiopathic neuropathy or neuropathy of unknown origin is very common in people over age 60.

In my experience, along with idiopathic neuropathy, the other two more common causes are radiculopathy which is a nerve irritation of the nerves as they come out of the spinal column and diabetes.

The following article discusses diabetic neuropathy, the signs and symptoms of neuropathy and what you can do about it.

Read the full article CLICK HERE

ORTHOTICS for multiple types of foot pain
best buy in a pre-made orthotic
click link below


ORTHOTICS for heel and arch pain for those who must wear dress shoes
click link below


I've been doing some aggressive research lately (it's how I found your incredible website) and realize now that my symptoms are not consistant with the diagnosis. Jennifer

Hunterville, NC
….after reviewing your amazing site (great for the avg. jill). So thank you very much!!!


I am really, really impressed with your plain-speak explanations for the various conditions.


This was an extremely helpful site. I have an appointment on the 18th and your info. Was right on target…..


A well organized site containing much information written in a manner that the average reader can comprehend.


Ontario, Canada
I found your website and articles most interesting.


Thank you for a quick response. I think your site is the best information site on foot pain and I have viewed many.


(location unknown)
I came to your website, via www.foot-pain explained .com which I think is also your website? I thought explanations for different types of problems were well addressed and thoughtfully stated for the patient in mind.


New York
You have an amazing and extremely informative site. I enjoyed looking through all of the data and stats.


Memphis, TN
Thanks again so much for the information in the article. Very interesting.


Great article. I have had plantar fasciitis since I was in high school……..

J. Simmons

(location unknown)
Dear Dr. Mitnick, The orthotics arrived four days ago and I slipped them into my shoes immediately. I was skeptical as to the usefulness of the item, they really didn't look very exotic. I have to say though, after using them for just four days, I have experienced grand relief from my foot pain. Even the very first day, I was able to do a lot of work while on my feet with at least a 75% reduction of pain. It has only gotten better every day, and I go nowhere without my shoes with the orthotics. I had been experiencing extreme heel and sole pain for about six months and had to take extended breaks off my feet many times a day as well as regular doses of Ibuprofen. Since getting the orthotics, my life has returned to normal and I feel good again. Just wanted to say thanks for the recommendation for a very effective item, I had no idea what a change this item could affect.

Yours truly,

J.C. Forbes

Thanks for the Response, you hit it on the head.


Redondo Beach, CA
Thank you for your time and expertise in answering my question…..


(location unknown)
First, thanks for putting together this website. Its the most informative site I have found dealing with foot problems. Last June I started having pain and swelling at …….


(location unknown)
First of all, thank you for having all this useful information available in one place. I've been through most of your website and based on my research, pain and evaluations I think I've narrowed things down quite a bit.

Pete M.

(location unknown)
Thank you for the best site I have found when researching foot pain.

Glenda B.

Madison, Alabama
Thanks for replying so quickly. I was a bit concerned. I think your website is great, and chock full of info.....


Denison, TX
Dr. Marc, Thank you so much for your reply which seemed to be right on. I have researched many sites but you put me on the right path to the possible answer. My foot pain may not rule the rest of my life after all! I believe I'll make a sign that reads, "THE END IS NEAR!" Thanks Very Much,


West lafayette, IN
Dear doubt you get positive comments re your site...May I please be added to the list of your admirers. In all of my years of web surfing I would say your site is right there with the very best. Thank you for taking the time to write the terrific info you provide and for putting things into laymen terms for us mere mortals. I pray you have much on going success and thank you again for a deed well done. As for me I did not find much help for my symptoms and will continue on my quest. Were you anywhere in the South I would make and appointment...Thanks again dear sir...m.e.

Michael E.

Tampa, Florida 33624
Hi. This is a great site! I'm a healthy middle aged woman who is in good health, but.....


Just a wee word of thanks for your wonderful website...It is a terrific service...Thank you for providing your knowledge and help...With highest regards, m ebeling

Michael D. Ebeling

Tampa, Florida 33624

Thanks for a most interesting website, which has helped a lot.



Dear Dr.Mitnick

I usually do my research on the Mayo clinic website. I think your website is the most informative site I have found when researching foot pain.

I thank you for putting together this incredible website.


Dragica W.


....I have been told that it is not hard enough to be cut off. Please help, I am not sure what to do now! THANKS FOR A WONDERFUL AND VERY HELPFUL SITE!


South Africa

You have an unusually clear, informative and well-written website for laypersons. Thank you for that.

Matthew W.

Mansfield Ctr, CT

First, I'd like to thank you for all the information that you provide on your website and the opportunity to write to you.


Placentia, California

First, I want to let you know that you have the best web site I've found related to foot issues. (The only thing I had difficulty finding was the "ask a question" page.)


Unknown location

I received the orthotics Monday afternoon and began wearing them Tuesday. After two days I would say that I have noticed a huge improvement in the discomfort I have been experiencing. My foot feels better than it has in months.

Ric J.

Unknown location

I greatly admire someone like you who would donate and dedicate so much time and effort to helping strangers with no compensation. Truly, it is uncommonly kind. And your site is so intelligently arranged.

Ron R.

Pacific Grove, CA

I used to work for a podiatrist (front desk) back during summers in college years ago, so I know the benefits of good care. Again, I want to thank you for an EXCELLENT website. It was so great to get to your site (top of google search) and actually find all the answers I needed EASILY and QUICKLY! Clearly you put a ton of work into it and I really appreciate it.

All the best,


Alameda, California

By the way, millions of websites could use yours as a guideline on how to organize information and make the site user-friendly. Kudos to you!


Thank you for your very interesting and informative site!


Hi. I come to your site often looking for information. It is really informative and I appreciate it very much. I have RA and have been having considerable amount of foot pain...... Dee RN

Thanks very much for the wonderful informative site.


New Zealand

Thank You for my answer! I have been schedule for a bone density scan, allingment, and I am in the process of getting orthotics made, and checking out the natural remedies. Thank again! What a great web site!



Yes I want both pair of orthotics. You don't have an option of ordering 2 at one time so I had to place the order twice. Thanks. My husband likes these and wants to put them in all of his shoes. (referring to Superstep orthotics)

Cindy H.

I searched the internet everywhere for a clear description and illustration of my symptoms/problem. was where I ended my search with answers. If I lived in Jersey (left 30 years ago) and didn't live in Florida I would definetly make an appointment with Dr. Mitnick.

Thanks, Kathy

1st of all THANKS A LOT for your great site......


Thank you so much for your response. I will let you know how I am doing if you would like. Your website is awesome!


South Carolina
Hello! I want to thank you for such an informative website! I found you based on my ankle pain search and am happy to realize that there may be a relatively simple cause and solution....


unknown location

...Thanks for your fantastic service.


Arlington, VA

Thank you so very much, that would be much appreciated. I love those insoles, by the way. (referring to Superstep orthotics)

Kelly W.

San Clemente, CA

Dr Marc is fantastic...He seems to know exactly what you are feeling with the problems you are having. I wish he was in my home town so I could go to him with my problems!!!!!!!!!!!!!


location unknown

Great insights! Thanks Doc, you're the best.


location unknown

I have been experiencing foot pain of various sorts and am working to figure out what it is. I found this site and can only say BRAVO!! What an excellent site! The time it must have taken to put all this together must've been a daunting task! I am sure it has helped so many people. Thank you so very much for doing this.


location unknown

Dr. Mitnick, Thank you so much for your reply. I did let my physician know and they took an x-ray - all is well! Also, thank you for providing this wonderful site, it is very helpful with lots of useful information! I appreciate your gift of time! God bless.


Dr. Mitnick, Thank you, you were 100% correct. The pain finally brought me to the ER. I spent 8 days in the hospital. The Doppler you spoke of was able to show that there was no pulse in that foot. This was an arterial clot that split and traveled throughout my leg. My leg was almost amputated. I am in rough shape but have all my parts intact!! You certainly know what you are talking about. Thank you for taking the time to answer. Yours Truly!


Staying at home after hallux surgery I spend quite a lot of time seaching info useful for avoiding problems which might come back. Today I found your site and I am .... delighted it happened. It's one of the best site I found last days.



Thanks for taking time to read and answer so many questions. It is truly a public service!


Seattle, WA

I just wanted to say that I am very greatful for this website!!


location unknown

Also, and importantly, just want to praise this web site. Thorough and thoughtfully presented, it certainly must be of considerable assistance to anyone with a foot problem. Terrific -- and very interesting.I trust the address comes up easily for those seeking information.


New Jersey

Thanks so much for answering my question. You've been more help to me than my own Dr. has been lately. Thanks again....I hope to be able to walk without pain someday.


location unknown

Wow, that is exactly the information needed!!! thank you thank you thank you!!! I appreciate this help so very much from Marc Mitnick DPM. Excellent information and help to improve One's life.


location unknown

Thanks so much for this website Dr. Marc! It is so nice that you have this ask the doctor feature..I'm sure I'ts been helpful for alot of people. I will try what you suggested and see if it helps...thanks again!


Evansville, IA

Dear Marc

I just want to say thank you for the quick response and the good info. I find it amazing and a super nice thing that you do here by answering medical questions at no charge.

Russ W.

location unknown

Your website is full of a lot of helpful information, and I am very impressed with the time in which you responded to my post. Thank you again for your time and consideration in your response.


location unknown

Thank you very much for the information, I will consider it. Excellent web site.


San Diego, CA

Dr. Mitnick, Just want to say thank you so very much for your quick response and very informative reply! After reading what you had to say, I called the doctor's office and was able to get in and see him the same day as my injury. Toe was x-rayed and luckily, it is not broken or fractured. Very badly bruised and will probably lose the toe nail. And although my toe and toe nail are still very black and blue and very sore, they ARE both starting to feel a little better. So again, thank you! I am so very happy that I came across your website. The service you provide is outstanding and immeasurable!


Albany, NY

Thank you so much for all of your advice. In searching the web for people dealing with this same issue i can tell you that you are a Knight In shining Armor! If I lived in Jersey I would gladly be your Spokesperson. Hopefully next time you hear from me it will be good news. God Bless,

Jill S.

location unknown



Whichita, KS

thanks again, this site is very helpful.


Boston, MA

Like others have stated...This site is amazing and I am so thankful that it was created.

....Keep up what your doing. Your a life saver.



Thanks again for the information provided on your site. It's easy for non-medical folk to understand your writing, and helps provide better communication between patient and doctor.



Wonderful advice

by: Anonymous

This is the best site for foot problem info.

Thank you for this information. This description fits my pain and inflammation behind my 2nd toe perfectly.

by: Max

location unknown
Again, I really appreciate that you responded to my inquiry, and that your mention of Parkinson's helped me to find my way to a diagnosis of this difficult to diagnose disease. Most patients see on average 16 doctors before they are diagnosed. I hope that you can help other people that ask for your expertise in the future.

Barb D.

I just wanted to say that I am very greatful for this website!! I have had a fusion in my rt foot and am finally getting a little bit better......


location unknown
Again, Thank you from the bottom of my heart for taking the time to answer my question....your an angel!


Thank you for your response. You have provided some great insight (to my question)....


location unknown
Thank-you so very much for responding so quickly and in such detail to my question!! I will give my surgeon a call today!! This website is terrific!!!! Thank-you again!


North Carolina
Many Thanks Dr Marc!
Thank you for your response. It sounds like a good plan to me. He did not cut the wart out first ...


location unknown

Thanks again doc for having this website and we STILL need qualified Podiatrists in beautiful sunny Tampa Bay (Bradenton) Florida.

Bessie Mae

Dear Dr. Mitnick, Thank you so very much for taking your time to answer my question. You have greatly relieved my anxiety related to the continual tingly I feel in my feet. I will share your response with my podiatrist next week. God bless you for having this question and answer page on your website! Most gratefully,

Lynne T.

location unknown
Your webpage is excellent, I commend you on sharing your knowledge to the public.


New Jersey

Thank you. you were more detailed than what others have told me they finally called from the last xrays and my son is now in a cast for 2 weeks he did have a fracture that was not noticeable.

a mom

location unknown

I have read your website and I have to admit that I am amazed at all the information that is on here. I have learned more than the three years I have been going to several doctors that I have seen!!


Lenoir, NC

Thank you so much Doc for a quick and thorough response!


Bellevue, WA

I cannot thank you enough for your response, opinion, and suggestions! I want you to know how much it means to me, and I'm sure everyone else who has ever asked you a question! I feel like you're a lifesaver and have empowered me to take a stronger role and stand up for myself and my feet!


location unknown

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  8. Fascia stretching exercises

    May 14, 22 10:28 AM

    Fascia is a soft tissue covering surrounding muscles. To me it has always appeared as "saran wrap" around the muscle.

    Here is a good review on fascia stretches will which help increase mobility and red…

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  9. Why your feet hurt when you wake up in the morning

    May 14, 22 10:21 AM

    A good review from the Cleveland Clinic on the various causes of foot and ankle pain that may be experienced when you wake up in the morning.

    Plantar fasciitis is notorious for causing morning pain, bu…

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  10. Injury Prevention for Runners

    May 10, 22 07:22 PM

    Even though running is a contactless sport, runners are prone to injuries.

    There is nothing worse then being out of commission and not being able to run, simply due to a prolonged injury.

    This is a good…

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